Gain-staging in Mixdown
Stereo mixdown to a digital medium such as DAT is perhaps the single most common procedure in the studio.

When mixing from an analog console, remember that a signal reading 0 dB on the mixer's meter typically measures between -12 and -18 dBFS on the digital recorder's meter, depending on the analog-to-digital converter's calibration.

If your program material has a wide dynamic range, set an average signal level of 0 dB at the mixer's master faders (once you've established proper gain staging throughout the rest of the board) and then play the selection from beginning to end, noting the highest peak level (not merely the average level) registered on the digital recorder.

MTM 3110
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